Interview Questions for Top Vulnerability Analysts
A Vulnerability Analyst is a person who finds weaknesses in software and networks and takes steps to fix them. A Vulnerability Analyst must think like hackers to protect against vulnerabilities. Cybercrime is a major threat to online businesses, so a Vulnerability Analyst is essential to protect an enterprise. Larger organizations now employ more Vulnerability Analysts.
These frequently asked interview questions for Vulnerability Analysts may help you speed up your preparation and get the job.
1. What is vulnerability? A vulnerability is a security problem that allows an attacker to attack the entire system.
2. What are some things that could lead to vulnerability?
Inadequate data handling
System architecture errors
Passwords that are easy to remember and use
3. What are the most popular methods to protect password files? Salt value access control and hashed passwords are the most popular methods.
4. What tools can be used to evaluate vulnerability?Vulnerability assessment tools:
5. A honeypot is a network-connected system that allows cyber-attackers to study and discover the types of attacks they are using. It simulates a target on the internet and alerts defenders to any unwelcome access to the information system.
6. How will you test the APIs for vulnerabilities?Effective logging on the back end can help the security team monitor the API better and discover suspicious activity more quickly if a possible attacker is exploring an API. They can then protect the API from potential attackers and stop them from doing more.
7. How do you determine how serious a vulnerability is? It depends on the repercussions, ease of exploitation and ease of access. Other standards, such the PCI DSS, define severity levels.
8. What is CVE? CVE stands for Common Vulnerabilities and Exploits. Each vulnerability discovered is assigned a number. It is a list that contains information such as identification numbers, descriptions and at least one publicly available reference. This is the public record of cybersecurity vulnerabilities.
9. What is CVSS? CVSS stands for Common Vulnerability Scoring System. It is the industry standard that vendors use for determining the severity of a vulnerability. It ranges from 0 to 10. It can be classified as follows:
None: 0.0Low: 0.1-3.9Medium: 4.0-6.9High: 7-8.9Critical: 9.0-10
10. A vulnerability scan should be done every other month or quarterly. Alternately, it can be performed as needed. For example, if a new headline vulnerability has been identified, the vulnerability assessment is done and the scan is initiated to search for the new vulnerability.
11. Explain patch management. Patch management refers to the act of installing and distributing patches to a system or an application to fix bugs or prevent security risks.
12. What is the difference between Hotfix and Patch?
Hotfix PatchService PacksA Hotfix fixes one issue or bug and does not require a reboot.
A Patch is a set or Hotfixes that add new features to your system. It requires a complete system restart.
You can find patches in Service Packs.
13. How can you give an organization a description about its information system vulnerabilities. Vulnerability Analysts create a vulnerability assessment that gives the organization a blueprint of their vulnerabilities. This vulnerability assessment includes results from different scans, audits and other procedures.